Camellia Sinensis var. Sinensis: This sturdy variety is more resistant to cold temperatures, making it ideal for high altitude gardens and regions with more challenging climate conditions, such as China and Japan. The tree can grow up to 20 feet in height and can produce quality tea for upwards of 100 years. Recent research has shown strong evidence that this variety was originally cultivated from var. Assamica. Through migration to northern tea growing regions and years of human intervention China, var. Assamica evolved, developing smaller, more delicate leaves and eventually becoming what is known today as Camellia Sinensis var. Sinensis. It is grown in many tea producing counties including China, Japan, Taiwan, Nepal, and India.
Camellia Sinensis var. Assamica: Once believed to be native to the Assam region in the northeast of India, recent research has pointed to Southeast Asia, in the border regions between Myanmar, Laos, and China. Assamica thrives in a more tropical environment with plenty of rainfall. Left to grow they can reach heights of 90 feet. Camellia Senensis var. Assamica is found mainly in India, Africa, and Sri Lanka.
Camellia Sinensis var. Cambodian: Native to Cambodia, this variety is most commonly used for the creation of new cultivars, through hybridization. It is not used on its own for commercial tea production.
Cultivars: Cultivars, the contraction of the term “cultivated variety,” are tea plants created through hybridization or mutation of the plant species. This is often done to create a plant that is more ideal for the growing conditions of a specific region I.E. soil, climate, and altitude.
Tea is cultivated and produced all over the world, some of the largest specialty tea producing counties are China, India, Japan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Vietnam, Kenya and Taiwan. Please see our Origin page for more information.
Over the last 600 years, through cultivar specialization and refined processing techniques, there has been the creation of five major types of tea.*
*- In China, there is a sixth type called Yellow Tea. Due to the small amount made, lack of availability and expense, we chose to forgo including it.